The Verdial is a manifestation of popular Málaga tradition. However, because of the lack of written documents and historical references, it is difficult to establish its origins. However, some authors, including José María Caballero Bonald, argue that the Verdial contains traces of archaic and Moorish roots.
In any event, the VERDIAL comprises a song, music and dance that are apparently older than Flamenco itself. The differences with Flamenco, on one hand, can be found in the numerous accompaniments of string and percussion instruments (violin, lute, guitar, cymbals and tambourine), which denote an Arab influence. On the other hand, the Verdial is a song composed for dance, and the art of the singer is secondary to the dance.
The “Fiesta” or “Verdiales Fiesta”, as a collective manifestation of village tradition, dates back to pre-Roman times, as mentioned by author Julio Caro Baroja, in “The Carnival”, and demonstrated by the fact that the most important celebrations coincide with the Winter Solstice (Grand Verdiales Fiesta) or the Summer Solstice (The Night of San Juan).
The costume of the Verdiales group (Panda) is the typical dress of country folk, and this only varies in the Grand Verdiales Fiesta on the Day of the Innocents (28th December), when a straw hat is worn, covered with decorations –little mirrors, flowers, ribbons, beads that indicate the fiesta's ancestral origins.